In a digital audio workstation (like Logic, Reason, Pro Tools, etc.), there are many different audio effects that can be applied to tracks. These effects can change sound in almost any way, and there are countless plugins to choose from! Today, we're going to take a look at three of the main categories: dynamic, delay, and filter effects.
Dynamic plugins affect the amplitude of a sound. Basically, they function like automatic volume control. This includes compressors, limiters, expanders, and gates, among others. This is what the "Compressor" plugin in Logic looks like:
|Compressors are used to reduce the volume of the loudest parts of a track.
Delay effects have to do with the propagation of sound. They play slightly modified sounds back at a slight delay, which can have a variety of effects, like simulating the sound in different physical spaces. Delay effects include plugins like reverbs, delays, phasers, flangers, and choruses. This is "Space Designer," one of the reverb plugins in Logic: